Biographies

STRESEMANN, Gustav

* 10.05.1878 in Berlin
† 03.10.1929 in Berlin
Economist and Politician.

Stresemann studied History and Literature in Berlin, and National Eeconomy in Leipzig. As member of the National Liberalist Party, Stresemann attended the Reich Diet from 1907 to 1912 and from 1914 to 1918. Stresemann founded the DVP and represented them in the Reich Diet from 1920 until 1929. He was also Reich Chancellor of the government of the great coalition from 13 August to 22 November 1923. He employed the method of passive resistance against the Ruhr occupation and started with the stabilizing of the currency. As Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1923 until his death, Stresemann remained the most influential member of the Cabinet. His time in office saw the implementation of the Dawes-Plan of 1924 and the Locarno-Agreement of 1925, as well as the addition of Germany to the League of Nations. Stresemann received the Nobel Peace Price in 1926 for this achievement. He was seen as the "Communications Politician" and front man for European integration. He aimed, however, for a revision of the Versailles Peace Treaty, particularly because of the consequences of the Agreement for the East-German border. He was buried in a honorary tomb in the Luisenstadt cemetery 1 in Berlin-Kreuzberg. The Stresemann street and a memorial plaque at his home in Charlottenburg serves a memorial to him in Berlin.